Mixed Reality Toolkit Sharing

This 3D printed viewer along within the accompanying software package enables the creation of 3-D, immersive virtual and augmented reality experiences using just a smart phone. By the third generation, the share rises to 65. その上に「Mixed Reality Toolkit」「Mixed Reality Companion Kit」の2つのライブラリが提供さ 提供形式はDLLやExeとなっており、現時点では以下の機能が提供されています。 Sharingはデバイス間で情報を共有するため ToolkitのHoloLens と immersive headsetsへの両対応. I explored a toolkit that demonstrated various user interface models and interaction modes. Bob and Patricia presenting on Intel NUC and Windows Mixed Reality Devkit at the monthly VR meetup. Boundaries in Windows Mixed Reality. Joined: Sep 6, 2017 Posts: 32. Windows Mixed Reality development requires you to use the Windows operating system and the latest SDKs. Google's take on a mobile augmented reality framework is no longer limited to a modestly-sized preview. The Mixed Reality Toolkit is an open source project driven by Microsoft. This project has adopted the Microsoft Open Source Code of Conduct. Remote mixed reality (MR) collaboration systems allow for multimodal, real-time support from remote experts. The Toolkit. Our plan is to bring mixed reality content to the Xbox One. You'll learn how to create 3D objects and holograms, interact with holograms using voice commands and hand gestures, use spatial mapping and 3D spatial sound, build with Microsoft's HoloToolkit, create intuitive user interfaces, and make truly awe-inspiring mixed reality experiences. with a person or group. A complete guide to augmented reality development for iOS, Android, and smart glasses. by David Jagneaux • August 18th, 2017. Set the controller or launch the settings app. Play SteamVR games in Windows Mixed Reality. This is a great way to There are a number of camera controlls that can be used by the person in-game or by a spectator using a keyboard. We believe that mixed reality can empower new waves of creativity and should be affordable and Today, at the Game Developers Conference (GDC) in San Francisco, we shared the next step in Game developers interested in building content for Windows Mixed Reality can sign up for ID@Xbox. The idea isn’t that users would permanently use such devices but instead, that they would use it as a pedagogical tool to help internalize certain patterns. The time saved both for setting up the project as well as for the learning curve of implementing the various event handlers and features, is significant. Share This Page. Mixed reality - Download as PDF File (. Hover over the profile pic and click the Following button to unfollow any account. The GetBaseType extension method will return the correct base type for UWP as well as when the code is running in the Unity Editor. Today, Mozilla is announcing a new development program for Mixed Reality that will significantly expand its work in Virtual Reality (VR) and Augmented Reality (AR) for the web. Medivis, which launched its product suite earlier this year, has now received approvals from the Food and Drug Administration and will begin rolling out its service in hospitals around the country. Click Mixed Reality Toolkit/Configure. Click on it and choose first Configure -> Apply Mixed Reality. It adds a new dimension of reality to the world we see. HoloLens was inspirational, but it’s ARKit and ARCore that are going to win developers. Get help with PC compatibility in Windows Mixed Reality. There are many applications of augmented reality from retail to advertising to education. pdf), Text File (. mixed reality by cerkut, but its AR toolkit is paving the way. So SV -> Sharing -> Toolkit. This allows for real-time shared experiences. Sharing Space with Virtual Humans ICT’s Mixed Reality Lab has developed a near axis retroreflective projector system called REFLCT (Retroreflective Environments For Learner-Centered Training) that is conducive to mixed reality training. Holotoolkit Sharing with UNET example. This is a great way to There are a number of camera controlls that can be used by the person in-game or by a spectator using a keyboard. Reality Files, shared worlds, and eye-tracking, virtual puppets: Apple's. Download the Mixed Reality app. today announced the release of Infinite Touch, a toolkit for developers to enable 3-D gesture interaction for Microsoft HoloLens and Android s. He does live. Reality Composer is a powerful new app for iOS and Mac that makes it easy to create interactive augmented reality experiences with no prior 3D experience. with a person or group. Using Markers with World Anchors in Mixed Reality Scene Sharing December 2, 2017 Ritchie Lozada Dev Guides Leave a comment One of the interesting features of Windows Mixed Reality, specifically the HoloLens, is the ability to share the holographic experience across multiple devices. Mixed Reality blends people, places and things across a full spectrum ranging from the real-world to digital virtual worlds. The mixed reality toolkit is a collection of scripts and components intended to accelerate the development of applications targeting Windows Mixed Reality. Real books often serve as the focus for face-to-face collaboration and in a similar way multiple people can use the MagicBook interface at the same time. Augmented, virtual and mixed reality technologies are evolving rapidly and becoming more powerful by the day. By default the hand joint prefabs are simple geometric primitives. HoloToolkit is your starting point for hololens development. Microsoft takes mixed reality onto the shop floor. Windows 10 Tip: Disable the Mixed Reality Portal Hardware Checks Posted on August 3, 2017 by Rafael Rivera in Windows , Windows 10 with 3 Comments Share 0 Tweet 0 Share 0. The time saved both for setting up the project as well as for the learning curve of implementing the various event handlers and features, is significant. Where virtual reality is largely about escapism, the secret of mixed reality may simply be that it makes us appreciate what we already have by giving us fresh eyes with which to look at them. What is the Mixed Reality Toolkit. Dew Drop - December 26, 2017 (#2631). The toolkit has been used to develop various educational applications that have been tested in two secondary education high schools in Spain. Under the Ms-PL, licensees may change the source code and share it with others. When you see a Tweet you love, tap the heart — it lets the person who wrote it know you shared the love. Boundaries in Windows Mixed Reality. The Airbus solution for our customers Safety Management System in Flight Operations. Andrew B Raupp discusses the future of education and how STEM and mixed reality will play a vital role in what is to come. Reality Files, shared worlds, and eye-tracking, virtual puppets: Apple's. Interact with holograms using UI elements and buttons. In the Hierarchy, select the Sharing object. Mixed reality toolkit. Now there. Today, we’ll talk about two. Enables rapid prototyping via in-editor simulation that allows you to see changes. Mixed Reality Toolkit Multi- Platform Performance by Default Individual Components Centralised. Virtual reality: Is this really how we will all watch TV in years to come? At the media industry’s annual bash in Cannes, virtual reality is the next mass medium that will take TV to a new level. Interact with holograms using UI elements and buttons. Microsoft has created a comprehensive toolkit with the goal of accelerating development of UWP applications for MR headsets You'll find the Unity software version of the Mixed Reality Toolkit (MRTK) here. The Mixed Reality Toolkit is a collection of scripts and components intended to accelerate development of applications targeting Microsoft HoloLens and Windows Mixed Reality headsets. Finally, during the weekend, I started some research while preparing a demo for some speaking engagements I’ll have over the next weeks. Basic hand-tracking input and interactions. Mixed-primary Factorization for Dual-frame Computational Displays Membrane AR: Varifocal, Wide-Field-of-View Augmented Reality Display from Deformable Membranes Varifocal Virtuality: A Novel Optical Layout for Near-Eye Display. The share of Latinos who say they have a non-Latino parent or grandparent also increases over generations. Where virtual reality is largely about escapism, the secret of mixed reality may simply be that it makes us appreciate what we already have by giving us fresh eyes with which to look at them. Click on it and choose first Configure -> Apply Mixed Reality. By sharing a durable cloud spatial anchor, multiple devices can observe the same persisted hologram over time, even if those devices are not present together at the same time. With mixed reality, the third wave of computing should be #open. Use popular development platforms such as Unity, Unreal, and Vuforia to create your mixed reality experiences, and get built-in HoloLens 2 developer support. Mixed Reality Toolkitとは、Microsoft HoloLensとWindows Mixed Reality ヘッドセットを対象とした アプリケーションを効率よく開発するためのスクリプトやコンポーネントの集まりです。 導入方法. What is MRT abbreviation? Share this. Beginning Windows Mixed Reality Programming clearly explains all the nuances of mixed reality software development. But in order to run MR, you'll need a machine with. You may remember my post from a couple weeks ago here on NextReality about the magical scaling ratios for typography from Dong Yoon Park, a Principal UX Designer at Microsoft, as well as developer of the Typography Insight app for Hololens. Provides the basic building blocks for unity development on HoloLens, Windows Mixed Reality, and OpenVR. Use popular development platforms such as Unity, Unreal, and Vuforia to create your mixed reality experiences, and get built-in HoloLens 2 developer support. We stream every Thursday at noon on Twitch and are really enjoying it. 最新のMixed Reality Toolkit動かねえと思ったらWindows 10 SDKのバージョンが低かった。更新まだ来てなかったのか??— 麻木浅葱 (@asagi_00a3af) 2018年3月8日 The type or namespace name `UNetSharedHologram' could …. Terranova resigned from Tribeca in November, announcing. Design: Storyboarding Tools • Prototyping Tools •User Experience • User Interface • Social • Online Learning Courses • Inspiration. Remember me Not recommended on shared computers. [5] Augmented reality is related to two largely synonymous terms: mixed reality and computer-mediated The earliest functional AR systems that provided immersive mixed reality experiences for users The First IEEE International Augmented Reality Toolkit Workshop, 2002. Getting the Mixed Reality toolkit to build even more awesome apps. Augmented reality development tool builder Augumenta Ltd. Using the Mixed Reality Toolkit, you can establish a connection between the. Dew Drop - December 26, 2017 (#2631). She explains how she uses her Surface laptop and dial to develop her doodles into sketches and what helps her stay focused while she’s in the zone. A toolkit used across Microsoft to achieve breakthroughs in artificial intelligence is generally available to the public via an open-source license, a team of researchers and software engineers announced today. Control HoloLens with voice commands using Unity3D and the mixed reality toolkit (MRTK). Windows 10 Tip: Disable the Mixed Reality Portal Hardware Checks Posted on August 3, 2017 by Rafael Rivera in Windows , Windows 10 with 3 Comments Share 0 Tweet 0 Share 0. The toolkit has been used to develop various educational applications that have been tested in two secondary education high schools in Spain. but i am no sure still the new version is supporting sharing as well as annotation or marking on shared holographic objects. The mobile era of computing was constrained by closed ecosystems. VRTK - Virtual Reality Toolkit. Click on it and choose first Configure -> Apply Mixed Reality. The LabPlus team did some analysis and experimentation with mixed realities and found a few key insights for agencies considering various mixed reality technologies. It provides a wide range of tools, packages, and other resources to help you build the best experience possible for multiple Mixed Reality platforms. As developers continue to use mixed reality technology for health care, we can see clearer definitions emerging for new types of projects and their applications in medicine,” said Bond. Started in 2016, VRTK has grown and grown over the years with the great support of a global, diverse community. Guest post by Simon Jackson MVP Windows Development With the recent release of the Microsoft Mixed Reality headsets, controllers and the awesome Fall Creators update for Windows 10, it has never been a better time to immerse yourself in to the Mixed Reality space. What is MRT abbreviation? Share this. VRTK - Virtual Reality Toolkit. Why choose Dynamics 365 Connect your data and apply intelligence to drive your digital transformation with the next generation of business applications on the trusted Microsoft Cloud. Capture and share floor plans directly from your camera. Click Give Control to share control of your desktop or program with the participants. It took me about a week after I received my controllers to finally get my setup working correctly. Learn about LominoUI, the first font designed for MR. Kipman: For me the killer app for mixed reality is Altspace communication, the communication fabric of being able to be with all the people you love in a family setting. The VR2GO mobile viewer is part of the MxR suite of low-cost immersive viewers, including the Socket HMD and the FOV2GO. Together with holographic technology, it brings the models out of the screen and helps people efficiently interpret physical and digital information, and the spatial relations between them. This allows the creation of an interactive. 3 also introduced some major changes under the hood. A growing number of oil, gas, and mining companies have committed to create more diverse, gender-balanced, inclusive industries – recognizing that it is not only the right thing to do, but it also makes business sense. Mixed Reality Toolkit (MRT) - University College London FLARToolKit NyARToolkit - an ARToolkit class library released for virtual machines, particularly those which host Java , C# and Android. The idea isn’t that users would permanently use such devices but instead, that they would use it as a pedagogical tool to help internalize certain patterns. Discussion in 'Windows Mixed Reality' started by dbarrett, Sep 13, 2017. The era of AT&T and Magic Leap has quietly entered a new phase that ramps up the mainstreaming of the cutting edge augmented reality device. Trying to describe it to someone without a headset — who sees nothing but real-life objects and a nerd wearing a computer on her face — is an exercise in futility. The LabPlus team did some analysis and experimentation with mixed realities and found a few key insights for agencies considering various mixed reality technologies. But mixed reality is about more than just HoloLens: the "one more thing" at the Build 2019 keynote was a sidewalk demo of a mixed reality version of the Minecraft game running on a smartphone. It is a collection of scripts and components which will help developers with initial hurdles they may face, when developing applications for Microsoft HoloLens and Windows Mixed Reality headsets. uk: Computers & Accessories Skip to main content. Stephen Hodgson, a Mixed Reality developer at Valorem, is one of the maintainers of (and probably biggest developer on) the MRTK. With mixed-reality devices, the user can analyze and interact with the real environment using virtual objects. Clicking the app frame would launch the app in the same frame. Boundaries in Windows Mixed Reality. You may remember my post from a couple weeks ago here on NextReality about the magical scaling ratios for typography from Dong Yoon Park, a Principal UX Designer at Microsoft, as well as developer of the Typography Insight app for Hololens. …It provides helper classes for common Mixed Reality tasks. Andrew B Raupp discusses the future of education and how STEM and mixed reality will play a vital role in what is to come. By sharing a durable cloud spatial anchor, multiple devices can observe the same persisted hologram over time, even if those devices are not present together at the same time. Satya was on stage at MWC Barcelona, sharing our vision for how the intelligent cloud and intelligent edge can be imbued with mixed reality and artificial intelligence to move us beyond the 2D worlds of the PC and smartphone, and into mixed reality and the third wave of computing. So SV -> Sharing -> Toolkit. with a person or group. Microsoft HoloLens is the first self-contained, untethered head-mounted holographic computing device for mixed reality. Reality shines into your ‘Minecraft’ escape via Windows Mixed Reality Flashlight By Kevin Parrish @exfileme — Posted on July 26, 2018 10:18AM PST 07. Read "DART: a toolkit for rapid design exploration of augmented reality experiences" on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at your fingertips. Augmented reality is the less known cousin of virtual reality. OVR Toolkit is a utility application designed to make viewing the desktop in VR simple and fast, it allows for viewing the desktop within VR, placing desktop windows around the world, mouse input, typing with a virtual keyboard, and quickly switching between windows. Windows Mixed Reality enables you to transform your everyday laptop or PC into something more memorable—and fun. | "Adding support in Revive for directly translating to Microsoft's Mixed Reality Toolkit is more difficult as the Mixed Reality API doesn't map that well to the Oculus SDK. At the top of the app, click New chat. Select the search result. WebJunction’s catalog of courses and webinar recordings on library topics is now open to all library staff and volunteers. We're also excited to share that Windows Mixed Reality experiences will light up on other devices over time, beyond desktop and HoloLens. Dew Drop - December 26, 2017 (#2631). See Tweets about #MixedRealityToolkit on Twitter. HoloToolkit has been renamed to Mixed Reality Toolkit, as Microsoft expands the scope to include the new VR headsets with inside-out tracking going on sale this fall. To do this. The Microsoft Cognitive Toolkit The Microsoft Cognitive Toolkit—previously known as CNTK—empowers you to harness the intelligence within massive datasets through deep learning. These terms all describe the same future state, where mixed reality interfaces can be experienced without a phone, tablet or wearable device. Adjust the preview screen ratio of the Mixed Reality Portal. In the Inspector, on the Sharing Stage component, change the Server Address from 'localhost' to the IPv4 address of the machine running SharingService. Last year Microsoft introduced several mixed reality business solutions under the Dynamics 365 enterprise product umbrella. I am looking to create a desktop application in C++ that can join a mixed reality sharing session and receive network messages. Mixed-reality denotes content that merges elements of virtual and real-world environments. For general questions and support, please use Stack Overflow where questions should be tagged with the tag uwp-community-toolkit Edited by travel sky Thursday, November 9, 2017 6:04 AM Proposed as answer by Breeze Liu Microsoft contingent staff, Moderator Monday, November 13, 2017 2:05 AM. In this section, you'll learn how to customize and configure the default Mixed Reality Toolkit profiles by adjusting the display option of the spatial. 0 I try to deploy it using the Hololens 2 emulator (version: 10. Watch MRTK UX Two Hand Manipulation - HoloLens and Immersive Headset, Windows Mixed Reality GIF by cre8ivepark on Gfycat. Currently, new imaging technologies are emerging, such as virtual, augmented, and mixed reality. Build your Windows Mixed Reality project from Unity generating the Visual Studio C# Solution Open the built Windows Mixed Reality C# solution in Visual Studio. Share to Kinja. Now in it's next stage, the Mixed Reality Toolkit aims to blow open the doors to mixed reality development for people of all skill levels and every platform. After months of hard labor, cross words, and more debates that you can shake a relatively large stick at, the Mixed Reality Toolkit finally entered the Beta phase. Mixed Reality Toolkit Multi- Platform Performance by Default Individual Components Centralised. By sharing a durable cloud spatial anchor, multiple devices can observe the same persisted hologram over time, even if those devices are not present together at the same time. This allows the creation of an interactive. Emmy award-winning Sportvision introduced this augmented reality feature to football in 1998, and the game has never been the same. Basic hand-tracking input and interactions. Hi! So, HoloToolkit is gone (until you see the code on the new toolkit) and now it's time to start using the new Mixed Reality Toolkit. mixed reality network, where all nodes can share. - Selection from Augmented Reality for Developers [Book]. 0 and a great list of featured startups from the AR space. I explored a toolkit that demonstrated various user interface models and interaction modes. Windows Mixed Reality do download the file and copy it to ToolKit's bin folder and then use the ToolKit to remove the components. WinBuzzer News; Asobo Studio: Microsoft´s HoloLens Game Developer Talks Mixed Reality Gaming, HoloToolkit and the Future. Platform support components (e. Microsoft's new workplace mixed reality apps, Dynamics 365 Remote Assist and Layout, have launched out of preview and into general availability. Below you can find the list of the components that have been merged. Learn about LominoUI, the first font designed for MR. How to Experience Windows Mixed Reality Without a Headset. But what remains to be seen is whether consumers will adopt this technology. It has always been a first-person experience, since even in a huge movie theatre you'll see a different movie from what your. I am not on the HoloLens team. Licensees may also charge a licensing fee for their modified work if they so wish. Lenovo Explorer Mixed Reality Headset and Controllers: Amazon. Select the search result. Plus, as an Odyssey HMD owner, you get Rock and Rails for free so you can riff, shred and rock your way to victory. 0, letting anyone publish Android apps that take advantage of the toolkit to meld virtual objects with the real world. Windows 10 Tip: Disable the Mixed Reality Portal Hardware Checks Posted on August 3, 2017 by Rafael Rivera in Windows , Windows 10 with 3 Comments Share 0 Tweet 0 Share 0. Augmented Reality for Developers by Krystian Babilinski, Jonathan Linowes. mixed reality toolkit. Definitely still an early platform but I am excited for its potential In this video, we go over why. 0, letting anyone publish Android apps that take advantage of the. Now Unity starts to complain about there being no camera tagged as MainCamera. In this paper, we present Virtual Touch, a toolkit that allows the development of educational activities through a mixed reality environment where, through various tangible elements, we can interconnect a virtual world to the real world. Once you understand the fundamentals of working with the HoloLens, the thing to learn is the ins-and-outs of the Mixed Reality Toolkit, which is the open source SDK for working with the HoloLens APIs. 07 December 2018. Microsoft Announces their "Mixed Reality Platform "Content creators will be able to use the Source 2 game engine, the same engine that Valve uses to create its own games and experiences, to create and share their own worlds with the VR community using the Destinations Workshop. Discussion in 'Windows Mixed Reality' started by dbarrett, Sep 13, 2017. We present our open toolkit that provides a flexible end-to-end solution for building. com Unity 2017. The toolkit […]. This allows the creation of an interactive. Mixed Reality Toolkit - Unity にはこのSharingに関して以下の2つがあります。 専用のサーバを立ててシェアリングを実現する(MRTKのライブラリ) UNETを利用したシェアリング(MRTKのサンプル). The Integration Runtime (IR) is the compute infrastructure used by Azure Data Factory to provide data integration capabilities across different network environments. Optimize Unity for Windows Mixed Reality, create your first Mixed Reality application in Unity, and learn the differences between traditional Unity development and development for Mixed Reality. By sharing a durable cloud spatial anchor, multiple devices can observe the same persisted hologram over time, even if those devices are not present together at the same time. Windows Mixed Reality combines the thrill of virtual reality mixed with augmented reality in gaming, travel & streaming - now available in Windows 10. Mixed Reality Toolkit Configuration Quick Start Quick overview of the Mixed Reality Toolkit 2. @ALL Updating the Toolkit to support a new OS/Build requires a lot of work to be done, unlike with previous Windows 10 Builds, I had to just update the menus, add necessary packs, update the component removal package list, test the Toolkit and pack up and release it. I explored a toolkit that demonstrated various user interface models and interaction modes. Tags c# gaming hololens HoloToolkit microsoft hololens mixed reality mixed reality platformer Unity Xbox. Fine more on Mixed Reality Toolki Skip navigation Sign in. 18 - 10:18AM PST Share on Facebook. See what people are saying and join the conversation. I'll be sharing this journey during my presentation about 'Designing Typography Insight for Windows Mixed Reality' in AltspaceVR. Fortunately, when it comes to Unity this is solved by the Mixed Reality Toolkit. It took me about a week after I received my controllers to finally get my setup working correctly. The mixed reality toolkit is a collection of scripts and components intended to accelerate the development of applications targeting Windows Mixed Reality. 0, letting anyone publish Android apps that take advantage of the toolkit to meld virtual objects with the real world. MX Toolkit, a MiXed Reality Toolkit. Try Prime Computers & Accessories. I'm looking for solution to get rid of old version of MRTK and start using new version of MRTK for Unity sharing applications. VRTK is a collection of useful, reusable solutions to common problems found when building for virtual reality. Address common challenges with best-practice templates, step-by-step work plans and maturity diagnostics for any Mixed Reality related project. 0:11:07 Getting Started with Windows "Mixed Reality" Toolkit ( Unity 2017 FusedVR. I got try a few experiences with Apple's AR toolkit on a new iPad Pro, and Scott Stein/CNET with no jittery leaping like I saw in my brief time with Microsoft's View Mixed Reality. Platform support components (e. Capture and share floor plans directly from your camera. Abstracted Spatial Scanning system - for getting spatial data from different. 3 also introduced some major changes under the hood. A toolkit used across Microsoft to achieve breakthroughs in artificial intelligence is generally available to the public via an open-source license, a team of researchers and software engineers announced today. Learn how to adopt a range of traditional UI element, to work in Mixed Realtiy. Enter the Next stage of the Mixed Reality Toolkit. A growing number of oil, gas, and mining companies have committed to create more diverse, gender-balanced, inclusive industries – recognizing that it is not only the right thing to do, but it also makes business sense. Google's take on a mobile augmented reality framework is no longer limited to a modestly-sized preview. reality–virtuality continuum. The Mixed Reality Toolkit vNext is a tool kit for developing with Windows Mixed Reality, HoloLens, HTC Vive / Oculus Rift and OpenXR platforms. Battle it out, explore the world and mingle with friends in more than fifty Windows Mixed Reality experiences, available on the Microsoft Store. 2: Share experiences between differing Mixed Reality hardware 8. [5] Augmented reality is related to two largely synonymous terms: mixed reality and computer-mediated The earliest functional AR systems that provided immersive mixed reality experiences for users The First IEEE International Augmented Reality Toolkit Workshop, 2002. MRTK is a Microsoft driven open source project. If your screen is too small, it's easy to catch part Beta For Developers. Interface and event mappings Some events no longer have unique events and now contain a MixedRealityInputAction. TARGET will deliver a pan-European serious gaming platform featuring new tools, techniques and content for training and assessing skills and competencies of SCA (Security Critical Agents - counterterrorism units, border guards, first responders (police, firefighters, ambulance services civil security agencies, critical infrastructure operators). Visual Studio 2017. After months of hard labour, cross words and more debates that you can shake a relatively large stick at, the Mixed Reality Toolkit finally entered the Beta phase. Having a cross platform toolkit is going to be a major benefit for developers looking to target multiple platforms. As developers continue to use mixed reality technology for health care, we can see clearer definitions emerging for new types of projects and their applications in medicine,” said Bond. In the compose box, say what you have to say and click Send. How to use the Speech Input Source and Speech Input Handler scripts provided in the MR Toolkit to use voice commands in your app. Fortunately, when it comes to Unity this is solved by the Mixed Reality Toolkit. How to import the Mixed Reality Toolkit to your project, 2.